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#Electric Bikes#Electric vehicles#youngpeople #educationElectric Vehicles

#Electric bikes: licensing, tax and insurance is your Electric bike legal? If you are wearing a Balaclava , no Helmet, Dressed in black, probably not. Is Your #child using a E bike with no pedals? as their parent you can be prosecuted

By 31st July 2023No Comments

There have been a lot of comments regarding E-Bikes and particularly the homemade or adapted bicycles fitted with batteries and motors sourced off the internet.
E-Bikes or EAPC are built specifically as such with motors and batteries tested and conforming to legislation and safety testing. The kits bought off the internet will not conform to the legislation and therefore are not EAPC’s. When a bicycle is fitted with one of these kits they become a moped and require MoT, TAX and most importantly INSURANCE. it is not possible to get insurance for these bikes so if used on the road will be subject to siezure under section 165a of the Road Traffic Act.
Below is a basic guide to EAPC’s. We strongly recommend that you do your homework prior to buying or fitting these kits off the internet.
Key points
E-bikes that meet the current EAPC regulations, minus a few exceptions, are treated as normal bicycles. The basic requirements are:
the cycle must be fitted with pedals that can propel it;
the electric motor must not exceed a maximum continuous rated power of 250W; and
the electric motor must not offer electrical assistance beyond a speed 15.5mph.
Any other e-bikes that do not meet the EAPC regulations are subject to type approval and any associated registration, tax and licencing.

You can ride an electric bike if you’re 14 or over, as long as it meets certain requirements.

These electric bikes are known as ‘electrically assisted pedal cycles’ (EAPCs). You do not need a licence to ride one and it does not need to be registered, taxed or insured.

What counts as an EAPC

An EAPC must have pedals that can be used to propel it.

It must show either:

  • the power output
  • the manufacturer of the motor

It must also show either:

  • the battery’s voltage
  • the maximum speed of the bike

Its electric motor:

  • must have a maximum power output of 250 watts
  • should not be able to propel the bike when it’s travelling more than 15.5mph

An EAPC can have more than 2 wheels (for example, a tricycle).

Where you can ride

If a bike meets the EAPC requirements it’s classed as a normal pedal bike. This means you can ride it on cycle paths and anywhere else pedal bikes are allowed.

Other kinds of electric bike

Any electric bike that does not meet the EAPC rules is classed as a motorcycle or moped and needs to be registered and taxed. You’ll need a driving licence to ride one and you must wear a crash helmet.

Getting vehicle approval for your electric bike

An electric bike must be type approved if either:

  • it can be propelled without pedalling (a ‘twist and go’ EAPC)
  • it does not meet the EAPC rules

This should have been done by the manufacturer or importer before you bought it. If it’s been type approved, it will have a plate showing its type approval number.

Tim Kelly

Tim is a highly qualified Independent Engineer with over 20 years experience as an Engineering Assessor of damaged vehicles.

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